What is Pain Management? Pain management is a medical specialty that is rapidly growing in popularity and application. This specialty deals with the reduction of pain in the body by applying the principles of science and medicine. Today, it is common to come across medical doctors who have specialized in the treatment and management of pain.
The management of pain may require the application of simple or complex therapies. The treatment method depends on various factors surrounding the history of the pain. These include the duration of the pain, its intensity, whether the pain is increasing in intensity or reducing, the contribution of the pain to other symptoms of illness and the physical cause of the pain.
Pain management is based on two goals. These are to find the structure causing the discomfort and to determine the best possible treatment based on the findings. Every structure within the body capable of causing pain must have a nerve supply. The sensations to these nerves are interpreted as pain. Finding the problem structure will help these medical specialists determine the best way to deal with your situation.
There are various skills and techniques that are applied in Pain management. The type and number of techniques used to treat pain depends on the factors mentioned earlier. Skills and techniques used for the management of pain include interventional procedures (these may include procedures such as surgery to correct a structural problem that is causing pain), medication (the use of drugs designed to reduce the discomfort, such as an epidural steroid injection), physical therapy, alternative therapies such as acupuncture and massages as well as psychological counseling.
The techniques used to treat pain are largely dependent on the type present. It can broadly be divided into two groups based on the sources. These are Neuropathic and nociceptive pain. Nociceptive pain is defined as the discomfort that presents itself as sensations to the brain telling your brain that you are injured. In this case, the nervous system is functioning properly. The nerves pick up the sensation and transmit it to your brain. Your brain is then able to locate the source of the ailment and identify the injury. This pain may be caused by injuries such as cuts and bruises or injuries to internal organs and tissues such as your back.
Neuropathic pain on the other hand results from a broken down nervous system. The patient feels a negative sensation but is unable to pin point the source. This type of pain normally results from illnesses such as infections of internal organs.
The diagnosis of your injury and the type of ailment begins with a preliminary evaluation. The doctor may ask you questions about your medical history and your symptoms. A diagnostic test is then recommended based on the results of the preliminary test. Diagnostic tests include blood tests, x-rays, cat scans and other simple medical tests. When the source is identified, a treatment method is determined for your particular case. You may be referred to a pain management specialist to help you better deal with your situation.
Locate pain specialists and other doctors in your area here: Local Community Physicians Group.
Different types of pain and their recovery methods can be researched or discussed with a medical professional at http://painandinjurydoctors.com.
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